Course Content
what is awrah - the body parts that must be covered during salat (obligatory)
wudhu - the washing of hands, face, rinsing of the mouth and nose, wiping the head and washing the feet.
niyyah – the intention
Niyyah (Arabic: نِيَّةٌ) is an essential concept in Islam
facing qiblah
once must face towards the direction of the kabah
takbir tahrima – placing the hands on the abdomen
the right hand is placed on top of the left hand which is then placed on the abdomen after saying takbir. After that the subhanaka is recited
reciting surah fateha
before reciting surah fateha one recites the subhanak (tha'na). No salat is valid unless surah fateha is recited. after reciting fateha one should recite a short surah or few verses (ayats) from the qur'an
Ruku – bowing
then one says takbir and goes to ruku and recites 'subhana rabbi al 'azeem' 3 times
standing up from ruku
while standing up from ruku say sami'allahu liman hamd, rabbana laka alhamd
sajdah – going to prostration
read takbir - go to prostration, recite subhana rabbi al a'ala 3 times, read takbir and sit briefly, read takbir again and prostrate and recite subhana rabbi al a'ala 3 times and stand up reciting takbir. First rakat is completed.
after the completion of 2 rakats the tashahud is recited
salawat Ibrahim
Complete prayer by reciting Salawat Ibrahim
ending salat
finish salat with saying 'assalamu alaiykum wa rahmatullah once on the right and then once on the left
How to pray Salat – 5 daily prayers in Islam
About Lesson

Niyyah (Arabic: نِيَّةٌ) is an essential concept in Islam. It refers to the intention in one’s heart to perform an action for the sake of God (Allah) 1. Here are some key points about niyyah:

  1. DefinitionNiyyah represents the pure intention behind an action. It is the internal commitment to perform a deed with sincerity and devotion to God.

  2. Quranic Basis: The general Islamic principle of niyyah is laid out in Chapter 33 (Al-Ahzab) of the Quran, specifically in Ayat (Verse) 5:

    “There is no blame on you for what you do by mistake, but (only) for what you do intentionally. And Allah is All-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

  3. Hadith: The Prophet Muhammad emphasized the significance of intentions. ‘Umar b. al-Khattab narrated that the Prophet said:

    “Deeds are [a result] only of the intentions [of the actor], and an individual is [rewarded] only according to that which he intends.”

  4. Application:

    • Salat (Prayer): Before commencing the ritual prayer (salat), a Muslim must have niyyah. Although it does not have to be audibly uttered, it is spoken from the heart.
    • Hajj (Pilgrimage)Niyyah is also essential to begin the Hajj, the pilgrimage to Mecca.

In summary, niyyah reflects the sincerity and devotion with which Muslims approach their acts of worship. It is a reminder that true worship goes beyond mere external actions—it begins with a pure heart and intention