Course Content
what is awrah - the body parts that must be covered during salat (obligatory)
wudhu - the washing of hands, face, rinsing of the mouth and nose, wiping the head and washing the feet.
niyyah – the intention
Niyyah (Arabic: نِيَّةٌ) is an essential concept in Islam
facing qiblah
once must face towards the direction of the kabah
takbir tahrima – placing the hands on the abdomen
the right hand is placed on top of the left hand which is then placed on the abdomen after saying takbir. After that the subhanaka is recited
reciting surah fateha
before reciting surah fateha one recites the subhanak (tha'na). No salat is valid unless surah fateha is recited. after reciting fateha one should recite a short surah or few verses (ayats) from the qur'an
Ruku – bowing
then one says takbir and goes to ruku and recites 'subhana rabbi al 'azeem' 3 times
standing up from ruku
while standing up from ruku say sami'allahu liman hamd, rabbana laka alhamd
sajdah – going to prostration
read takbir - go to prostration, recite subhana rabbi al a'ala 3 times, read takbir and sit briefly, read takbir again and prostrate and recite subhana rabbi al a'ala 3 times and stand up reciting takbir. First rakat is completed.
after the completion of 2 rakats the tashahud is recited
salawat Ibrahim
Complete prayer by reciting Salawat Ibrahim
ending salat
finish salat with saying 'assalamu alaiykum wa rahmatullah once on the right and then once on the left
How to pray Salat – 5 daily prayers in Islam
About Lesson

By Kamil Uddin


The Prayer is the second pillar of Islam and occupies a distinguished position among the duties placed on every Muslim. In the hadith of the Holy Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) and the verses of the Holy Quran, after the profession of faith, the first thing mentioned is the Prayer. In order to perfect it, one must perfect takbir al-tahrimah, the opening “Allahu Akbar” of the Prayer. It may seem like something small and simple, but its shocking to see how many perform it incorrectly. Allah holds the Prayer in great esteem, and it is incumbent upon every Muslim to learn its rules in order to build his connection with and devotion to Allah.  

In the obligatory prayers, there are six fara’id, definitive obligations that one must do for his prayer to be complete. The takbir al-tahrimah is the first. It is called tahrimah, or “prohibition,” because it prohibits things that were permissible before it, such as eating, drinking, talking, and other acts unrelated to prayer. The obligation of the opening takbir is established through the Quran, the Sunnah, and ijma‘ (consensus of scholars).

The Quranic proof is the verse “And proclaim the greatness of your Lord” (74:3). The word rabb ‘lord’ in this context is the effective cause of the injunction, in that Allah is the sustainer, cherisher, and nurturer of the entire universe, which is the fuller meaning of rabb. His greatness alone, therefore, is worthy of being proclaimed to commence the Prayer.

The Sunnah proof is a transmission from Abu Hurayrah and Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with them) in which the Prophet (Allah bless and grant him peace) said, “The key to the Prayer is purificication; its tahrim is takbir, and its tahlil  is taslim”(Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah). We also find that this was the Prophet’s consistent practice. Further corroborating this position is the consensus of the commentators of the Quran.

When one begins the Prayer he is to pronounce the takbir, raising his hands to his ears while doing so. It is preferred to raise the hands first, then say the takbir. Raising the hands is sunnah, not wajib, but pronouncing the takbir is fard. Men will raise their hands parallel to their earlobes, and women will raise their hands to their shoulders. The palms should be open facing the qiblah. Men will place the right hand over the left hand below the navel, holding the left wrist with the thumb and the pinky of the right hand and the remaining three fingers outstretched along the left forearm. The fingers of the left hand should also remain outstretched. Women will place the palm of the right hand on the back of the left hand upon the chest.

The Prayer brings one nearer to Allah if performed according to its prescribed method. To start it properly is the first step to attaining divine nearness through this great act of worship.